Top 10 Arain castes in Pakistan – Latest 2024

The Arain is a Muslim farming rank settled chiefly in the Punjab and Sindh. They are by and large connected with cultivating, generally being property managers or zamindars. There is no consistent understanding about the beginning of Arains. Coming up next is the most pervasive data about their starting point. Here in this article, you will find the top 10 Arain castes in Pakistan.

Arains living in various pieces of Pakistan communicate in various dialects. They are including yet not restricted to Urdu, Punjabi, Pothohari, Seraiki, Sindhi, Hindko, Pushto, as well as Pahari relying upon their place of home.

Arain Caste History

The first ethnicity of Arain might be muddled to decide in situations where territorial limits change over time. It is by and large guarantee that they were leaders of Arab drop. Virtually all Arain are and have been, Sunni Muslim, similar to the early Arabs of Muhammad canister Qasim’s undertaking. Muhammad Hayaat Madni was a Commander in Muhammad Bin Qasim’s Army – 711 AD. Reference to their heredity is made by the celebrated Indian Historian of Islam, Akbar Shah Khan Najeebabadi. He pronounced that they entered India through Debal, Sindh with Muhammad Bin Qasim. See Also Top 10 Brahmin Caste list – Latest 2023

Muhammad Sharif, a UK-based Indian history specialist, writes in “Fate of the Tribe Raeen” that Arain began coming to Sindh (Iraq-I-Ajam) in 46 Hijri (666 AD) toward the finish of the Orthodox Caliphate. They had a place with the Banu Sama (Saama or Samma) sub-clan of Banu ‘Amir (Aamir or Amer) clan of the bigger family Aal-Il-Adnan (The House of Adnan) through Hawazin.

An investigation by the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences on blood classifications of the significant nationalities in Punjab showed that O is the most well-known blood bunch (among all identities), besides among the Arain where B is generally normal, the distinction being genuinely critical. While no confirmation of non-nearby parentage, it’s anything but a distinction between the Arain and different ranks living in Punjab.

Arain Caste Characteristics

The Arain community is a significant agricultural caste found in the Punjab region of South Asia, primarily in India and Pakistan. Here are some characteristics and features associated with the Arain caste:

  1. Agricultural Background: Arains have traditionally been involved in agriculture, and they are known for their expertise in farming. They cultivate crops like wheat, rice, sugarcane, and other agricultural produce.
  2. Landowners: Many Arains are landowners and own farmland. They play a vital role in the agricultural sector in the Punjab region.
  3. Hardworking: Arains are renowned for their hard work and dedication to farming. Agriculture is the primary occupation for many in this community, and they often work tirelessly to yield good harvests.
  4. Community Unity: Arains often maintain a strong sense of community unity. They support each other in various aspects of life, including social, cultural, and economic matters.
  5. Education: In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on education within the Arain community. Many Arain individuals pursue higher education and a variety of professions beyond farming.
  6. Religion: Arains are primarily Muslim. They follow the tenets of Islam and participate in religious and cultural practices associated with the religion.
  7. Cultural Practices: The Arain community has its cultural practices and traditions, which often revolve around agriculture. They celebrate festivals and events related to farming seasons.
  8. Traditional Clothing: Like many communities in the Punjab region, traditional Arain clothing often includes turbans (especially for men) and colorful dresses.
  9. Social Status: The social status and influence of the Arain community have grown over the years, particularly due to their significant role in agriculture.
  10. Regional Variations: It’s important to note that characteristics and practices can vary among Arain individuals based on regional variations, cultural influences, and individual choices.

Remember that these characteristics are general observations and may not apply to every individual within the Arain community. As with any community, there is diversity among Arains, and individuals may have their own unique experiences and identities.

Who are Arains according to the researcher?

The scientist and political researcher Christophe Jaffrelot accepts that the Arain are uprooted cultivating networks who moved to Punjab from Sindh and Multan as Arab Muslim militaries infringed; they initially rehearsed Hinduism however numerous later changed over to Islam. He says that the local area is identified with the Kamboj Rajput people group chiefly situated in northern India and eastern Pakistan.

Ishtiaq Ahmed, a political researcher who is likewise an individual from the Arain people group, recognizes that some early Arain messages attribute a Suryavanshi Rajput beginning, while others note a Persian one to reflect others the situation with being “vanquishers”. He accepts that the Arains “are a blend of numerous nationalities and races”, like other “cultivating positions of the Punjab and Haryana


Arains for the most part utilize the accompanying family names (titles).: Chaudhry, Mian, Mehar, Malik, Ramay, Bhutta, Sappal, Mari Put, Ghurki, Ramday, Bhutto, Shami, Munda, Hansi, Gill, Daulay, Chachar, Gaellin, Mulaney, Qutab, Shahi, Rattay, Goheer, Ghalar, Gahgeer, Gatku, Kavali, Basroo, Rahi, Bhati, Multani, Sayal, Baga, Peer, and Alrai.

Top 10 Arain castes in Pakistan

Top 10 Arain castes in Pakistan

The Arain community in Pakistan, like many other communities, is diverse and consists of various sub-castes. While it’s challenging to provide an exhaustive list of the top 10 Arain castes as their numbers and prominence can vary by region, here arain caste ranking in pakistan

Arain Sub caste List

  1. Chaudhry
  2. Sufi
  3. Awan
  4. Malik
  5. Cheema
  6. Sulehria
  7. Khokhar
  8. Warraich
  9. Randhawa
  10. Dhillon

Arain caste history & Background

As per Ahmed, during the Mughal and Sikh periods, Arain stood firm on noticeable situations. For example, lead representatives and armed force commanders; he additionally accepts that various names embraced by the local area may show a practice of military employment.

During the Indian disobedience of 1857, Shah Abdul Qadir Ludhianvi, an Arain, drove an uprising from Ludhiana to Delhi where he was executed. In the fallout, the British saw the Arain as a backstabbing local area. And British ordered them as a nonmilitary standing which denied them passage into the Bengal Army. Due to campaigning by the Arain people group, the Arain were authoritatively renamed as a “rural clan”. Then, at that point successfully inseparable from the military race classification.

Arain primarily involved in cultivating lands

They were generally connected with cultivating when the British needed land created in Punjab. Arain develops lands around urban areas. And was one of the farming networks offered inclination to help with opening up the agrarian boondocks in the Canal Colonies somewhere in the range of 1885 and 1940. Shahid Javed Burki says that the British supported the Arain for their “continuous effort and moderation”. The improvement of towns and urban communities and expanding urbanization brought about the worth of the land settled by Arain to rise all together, and Arain families prospered. Schooling was focused on the freshly discovered abundance and Arain came to rule the legitimate calling among metropolitan Punjabi Muslims. Many utilized law to enter legislative issues

It is one of the top 10 Arain castes in Pakistan. The Mian is a Pakistani Punjabi Arain family who was the proprietor of the Ishaqpura locale. This is the region where the Mughal Empire needed to fabricate a Garden named Shalimar in Lahore

Firstly, The families were explicitly positioned specialists by Mughals. The Mughal rulers were characteristic of them and gave them the title of ‘Mian’ from Mughal sovereign Shah Jahan. At last Mian, Muhammad Yousaf gives his genealogical land to head in lieu of a nursery. The task was done. And head Shah Jahan had allowed the region back to the same clan’s men just like the caretakers of the site. Since that day to Ayub Khan’s military law, the Shalimar Garden was under the consideration of the same family. The clan attaches have a place with Arians, who are occupationally connected with cultivating

Is arain a good caste?

Whether a particular caste, including Arain caste, is considered “good” or “bad” is a subjective and culturally influenced perspective. It’s important to recognize that caste-based distinctions and evaluations can vary widely depending on regional, cultural, and individual factors.

In Pakistan, the Arain castes, like other communities, is diverse, and people within this community have various backgrounds and socio-economic statuses. Their “goodness” or “badness” is not determined by their caste but rather by their individual character, actions, and contributions to society.

In contemporary society, it’s increasingly important to move away from caste-based discrimination and focus on promoting equality and justice for all individuals, regardless of their caste or social background. People should be evaluated based on their merits, actions, and values rather than their caste affiliation.

Is Arain a high Caste?

The Arain castes, like many other caste or social groups, varies in terms of socioeconomic status, education, and influence. Caste alone does not determine a person’s status or worth. In Pakistan, the Arain caste is known for its agricultural background and has played a significant role in the country’s farming sector. However, whether a caste is considered “high” or “low” can vary depending on the region and local perceptions.

It’s essential to emphasize that caste-based hierarchies are generally discouraged and are considered discriminatory and socially divisive. Modern societies aim to promote equality and discourage discrimination based on caste or social background. In contemporary Pakistan, individuals are encouraged to be valued and recognized for their skills, education, and contributions to society rather than their caste.

It’s also worth noting that Pakistan’s constitution prohibits discrimination based on caste, and there have been efforts to address caste-related discrimination and promote equal rights for all citizens.

Is Arain a low Caste?

The Arain Caste is a social group in South Asia, primarily found in Pakistan and India. The concept of “low” or “high” caste doesn’t apply to the Arain community in the same way it does to the caste systems of some other regions, such as India’s caste system. The social status or classification of Arains can vary by region and historical context.

Historically, the Arain castes has been involved in agriculture and farming, and their status has been associated with land ownership and farming activities. Their social status can vary within different regions and local contexts. In some areas, Arains may be considered relatively affluent landowners, while in other regions, they may face economic or social challenges.

It’s essential to avoid making broad generalizations about social status based on caste. People’s individual circumstances and social statuses can differ widely, and many factors, including economic, educational, and regional differences, play a role in determining social status. Caste dynamics and perceptions also evolve over time.

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