Stem cells and their importance in the life of living organisms
Stem cells are imperative for living organisms for several reasons. They show an exciting area in medicine and diagnosis because of their ability to repair and renew damaged tissue. Some recent therapies, for example, bone marrow transplantation, previously use stem cells for the reason of their potential for the renewal of damaged tissues. Here in this article, you will find Interesting facts about stem cells and their importance in living organisms.
Interesting facts about stem cells
What are stem cells?
- Stem cells are actually a special type of cell that has the ability to develop into different cell types.
- The stem cells are largely found in wholly multicellular organisms. These stem cells described by their ability to distinguish themselves through cell division into an extensive range of specialized cell types.
- Generally, there are two types of stem cells are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells.
What are the therapeutic roles of stem cells?
Therapeutic roles of stem cells:
- Adult stem cells are also specialized cell types that have the ability to generate and divide all cell types of the organ from which the organ originates and can also generate the entire organ.
- Likewise, adult stem cells have their applications in the treatment of cancer. For example, leukemia and associated bone and blood cancers by the use of bone marrow transplant.
- Stem cells have an exciting place in the field of medicine. The reason is that they have the ability to repair damaged tissues. E.g. bone marrow transplant makes use of stem cells for the regeneration of damaged tissues.
Unique properties of stem cells (Interesting facts about stem cells)
Role of embryonic stem cells in therapeutics:
- Various researches with embryonic stem cells could lead to more effective and new treatments for serious human diseases. And it can ease the suffering of thousands of people all over the world. E.g. embryonic stem cells can be used for the treatment of Juvenile diabetes, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s diseases, and heart failure.
- These stem cells offer various medical prospects. As these cells are undifferentiated so we can use them in all parts of the body giving them the potential to treat hundreds of diseases with the use of all cells that can be made from them.
- Embryonic stem cell therapies have been offered for regenerative medicines and tissue replacement after disease or injury (Interesting facts about stem cells).
Which type of diseases are potential targets of stem cell therapy?
Diseases that can be a potential target of stem cell therapy:
- Degenerative diseases can be described as the potential target for stem cell therapy. The best application of embryonic stem cells is that it provides a large supply of essential cells to be used as cell-based therapy and tissue replacement in those patients who are suffering from any degenerative diseases. This is the reason why stem cell research being welcomed as a wonder cure in the medical world.
Furthermore, a number of diseases that could be treated from stem cell therapy are Parkinson’s diseases, cancers, diabetes, stroke, Alzheimer’s diseases, spinal cord injuries, and blindness.
- Clinical studies also suggest that stem cell transplantation has the potential therapy for neurodegenerative diseases. These clinical trials involved grafting brain tissue from aborted fetuses into patients with Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s diseases.
- Stem cell therapies also have the potential to cure many human afflictions such as cancer, aging, diabetes, blindness, and neuro-degeneration. This is the reason why stem cells hailed as a miracle cure by the medical fraternity.
Why stem cell research is into too much debate and controversy?
Controversy on embryonic stem cells:
- For the last few years, embryonic stem cells have been highly debated and highly discussed scientific topics at all levels. These include scientific forums, public life, ethical, legal, and political platforms. The reason is that it involves the development and use of human embryos and also because of the problems of immune rejection related to allogeneic stem cell therapies.
- Various controversies have involved the use of stem cells because if the cell division continues uncontrollably there is a possibility that transplanted embryonic stem cells could form a tumor and possibly becoming cancerous cells.
- Although stem cells provide numerous benefits for people it also involved in various controversies regarding embryonic stem cell therapy because of ethical issues.